How to end child labor in Bangladesh?

child labor in Mirpur, Dhaka
Measures taken:
This is the time to know- How to end child labor in Bangladesh. Because In Bangladesh child labor is a social problem though different laws and regulations have been enhanced with a view of protect children from work. The government of Bangladesh is trying to ending child labor. A memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the government of Bangladesh and ILO, IPEC was signed on October, 11, 1994 and IPEC activities were started in 1995. Till now 97 action programmes have been implemented under IPEC.

Measures to be taken:
Although elimination of child labor is desirable but it’s a difficult task in real term. For successful elimination, coordinated, continuous and steady efforts can be justified. However, phase by phase elimination of child labor may be possible of the following points are considered:

• Identifying child workers
Identifying child workers is crucial for any sort of planning. However it is not easy identify all child workers in the country. So organized sectors should be taken up immediately and efforts should continue from government, NGO’s and social activities.

• Enhancing educational programs
Formal and non formal education through full-time and part-time schools, vocational training activities may be enhanced. Compulsory primary education should be ensured and ongoing special stress on female education should be continued.

• Strict actions
Government must take actions to strict enforce measures to stop child labor and to make school attendance affordable. The enforcement machines should be strengthened in terms of manpower and logistic support.
•Legal measures
Existing child labor laws need to be enforced effectively. The official machinery should be trained and sensitized about the child labor, relevant laws and regulations and need for penalizing the offenders.
• Assistance to families
As extreme poverty compels children to go work, policy measures to reduce pressure of poverty on the poor household should be adopted. Besides, some form of social assistance perhaps be provided by professional social workers, voluntary organizations or even religious bodies. Here, health care, income and employment generation schemes, credit facilities and integrated poverty alleviation and community development services should be considered

• Motivational and publicity campaign
The child workers themselves, their parents, their employers, the government, in fact all sections of the people should be make fully aware of the harm of child labor. Awareness generation can be done through national campaigns, public meetings, media publicity, workshops, community forums etc.
• Rehabilitation
Displacement of child labor be followed by specific rehabilitation programs.

• Collections and propagation of information
Collection and dissemination of information of child is essential for taking any initiative. The government should develop an database on child labor in the country.

• Replacing working children
Replacing working children with unemployed family members should be considered.

The stagnant, traditional and under developed economy, the social organizations and the traditional attitude of the society combine to perpetuate existing problem of child labor. Thus, the solution of this problem lies in rapid socioeconomic development for removing child labor.

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